Homeschooling vs Public or Private Schooling

Many times, parents ask whether homeschooling works. It’s true that parents know that public schools can often have problems, but they don’t know that they can do any better if they teach their children themselves that if they send their children to public school. As an alternative, some parents opt for private school. Since a child’s education is so important, though, they’re understandably cautious when they think of homeschooling their children themselves.

However, numerous studies show that homeschooling in large part produces superior results as compared to public or even private schooling. Part of this may be due to the fact that homeschooling by default means that parents are involved in their children’s educations. This is also often true in public or private school education, but not always. Therefore, may be parental involvement is the deciding factor, rather than the homeschooling situation itself.

However, even when this is taken into consideration, homeschooling still produces better results versus public or private school.

A study sponsored by the US Department of Education showed that homeschooling students’ scores were “exceptionally high” as compared to their peers. Every grade showed median scores higher than those for public or even parochial or private school students. Homeschooled students who would have been in grades one through four functioned at least a grade level above their peers. By the time they reached what was the equivalent of eighth grade, they were four years ahead of their public school peers.

In part, this may be explained by the fact that public schools in general often do a substandard job and not that homeschooling is by default superior. However, homeschooled students were even functioning above their private school peers.

In addition, homeschooling costs less than either private or public school does. On average, public schools spent $6,500 per student per year. Private schools spent $3,500 per student per year. Homeschoolers spent just $550 per student per year. Of course, the last number does not adjust for the fact that a parent teaches for “free” and teachers are paid monetarily.

Public school first became commonplace in the second half of the 19th century. At that time, more and more states made at least basic education compulsory. This was done in an attempt to increase literacy rates. Prior to that time, many parents were only barely literate in the English language themselves, often because they had just immigrated to the United States. Nonetheless, despite this, illiteracy rates in Massachusetts in 1840 were still just 2% among adults. By 1995, that figure had jumped to 19%, despite the supposedly increased emphasis on literacy in recent years as well as a much greater availability of books and other reading materials.

Presently, approximately one million children are homeschooled in America yearly. Many thousands have attended universities and colleges. Some of those colleges were prestigious and very difficult to get into. With homeschooling, peer pressure that normally plagues children otherwise eager to learn is absent. Instead, the parent or tutor, as well as any “classmates,” only encourage the student.

In short, homeschooling is a wonderful way to give your child an education if you’re up to the task.

How to Become a Freelance Editor/Proofreader

Setting up as a freelance editor or proofreader could be the ideal money maker for you. It’s work you can carry out at home, as and when you like, doing as much or as little work as suits you. There’s no particular skills or qualifications you need to get started, although a liking for reading and an eye for detail is an advantage. Here’s what to do if you’d like to follow this route to extra part/full time cash.

What Does an Editor or Proofreader Do?

There’s a slight difference in the work of an editor and that of a proofreader, although many people do both jobs, as customers for one service usually also require the other.

The main work of the editor is to take an author’s raw manuscript, check the spelling, punctuation and grammar and then mark up the manuscript for the typesetter according to the instructions given by the publisher.

A proofreader, on the other hand, takes the final page proofs – after the typesetter has finished with them – and checks them meticulously for both author’s and typesetter’s mistakes.

Both are very responsible jobs – a single mistake in a book, such as incorrect instructions or even just a wrong telephone number, could easily cost a publisher many thousands of pounds in reprinting costs if they slip through the net. However, as you’ll see, editing requires a little more initiative, whereas the proofreader basically just follows instructions.

How to get Started

You don’t need any special qualifications to launch yourself in this new career. However, you will boost your chances of finding work – and your likely earnings – if you organise some sort of training first. Many further education colleges have short courses in editing and/or proofreading. Ask your local FE institute for details. You will also find there are correspondence courses on offer, which are advertised from time to time in the national press.

If you prefer, there are several books on the subject suitable for studying on a ‘teach yourself’ basis. Copy Editing, published by Cambridge University Press, is the authority on the subject and is used by many large publishers.

Incidentally, editors and proofreaders have their own professional association – the Society of Freelance Editors and Proofreaders (SFEP) – which works to promote their interests and generally help and advise on matters which affect the profession. They can also advise on sources of training.

How to get Editing and Proofreading Work

There is no shortage of work for freelance editors and proofreaders, as the number of publishers who use freelancers rather than in house staff to do this work is growing by the month. There are over 25,000 companies involved in publishing in the UK alone, from the very largest to the very smallest, so you can see the potential that exists for this service.

However, publishers won’t come to you if you don’t tell them that you are available. The best way to get work is to either telephone or write to as many publishers as possible (or better still, write and then follow up with a telephone call). Ask to speak to the Senior Editor. The vast majority of publishers are listed in books such as The Writers’ & Artists’ Yearbook, The Writers’ Handbook and The Directory of Publishing, which are available in most main libraries.

Because of the huge diversity of publishing it is a good idea to specialise in something, preferably something that reflects your own personal interests. For example, if you like romantic novels then offer your services to publishers of romantic novels. If you are interested in either gardening or motoring, then again write to relevant publishers. As a professional editor or proofreader, you should be able to work with any subject, but working in this way will make your work easier and more enjoyable.

Try and convince the Senior Editor to give you a small test project, then proceed from there if they are pleased with your work. Obviously the quality of your work is important, but how much you are offered in future could well depend on being able to develop a good working relationship with the Senior Editor.

There are no set fees for this service. Current rates are around $35 per hour for editors and $20 per hour for proofreaders, perhaps less if you are relatively inexperienced. This all depends on what you negotiate with the company you are working for. Quite often the work will go to the editor or proofreader who can do the job for the lowest cost.

Carrying out the Work

The various courses and textbooks listed will teach you the basics about editing and proofreading. Above all, you must listen to what the publishers tell you they want. Ask for a written brief before taking on an assignment. Most publishers have a house style for editing and proofreading and this must be followed in detail.

Much of the work is common sense – for example, correcting spelling and typing mistakes, punctuation and grammar, and checking for missed words and sentences. If you’re editing you might also have to check facts and figures, instruct the typesetter how to lay the page out, and even make decisions on cutting parts of the text if it won’t fit the page. All this is done by marking up the manuscript or the proofs, using Standard Correction Markings.

The development of computerised desktop publishing has revolutionised the publishing industry. Certain facets of the industry, particularly magazines and newspapers, now use DTP programmes such as Quark Express and Aldus Pagemaker to put together their publications. Pages can be designed and text inserted onto the page by one person – the sub editor or editor – rather than the editor having to check it and then pass it to the typesetter. This has speeded up the whole publishing process.

It is therefore desirable (or necessary, if you intend to edit magazines and newspapers) to have some experience using DTP programmes.

Again, your local FE college should provide DTP courses, and there are various distance learning courses advertised in the national press.

Indexing Publications

A related, and highly lucrative, service you can offer to your customers is INDEXING.

This is, as the name suggests, making an index of the contents of the book which will appear in the end pages. This can be done manually, although it can at times be a tedious job. If you have a personal computer with a database programme then a book can be indexed very quickly and easily indeed. You will normally earn at least $20 per hour for this, or between $200 and $900 for indexing an average book.

Home Schooling vs Traditional Schooling

Education grooms students with well-informed knowledge to build their future careers. The methods adopted may be different, but the goal is the same. While traditional schooling allows the child to learn among peers and be influenced within their same age group, home schooling allows the child to learn at his or her own pace. Unfortunately, today most of the traditional schools are blamed that they expect every child to have the same attitude and move at the same pace with others.

Home schooling on the other hand, allows the parent and child to relax in the lap of their own home environment and the child is made to learn at a comfortable pace. There is a growing trend that favors home schooling. Traditional schools work within a fixed time slot, which robs both parent and child with very little time to devote to them everyday. In addition to the timings of the traditional school, their setup of each subject to learn is addressed and limited to a certain time frame, which may or may not be enough for every child to grasp the taught subject.

Home schooling, on the other hand enables the parent to fix a flexible schedule to teach each day. This gives the child the required rest and ample of time to learn and be part of a schedule that is preferred and not imposed. Probably one favorable point in traditional schooling is that it helps the child to get disciplined within the imposed time slot and schedule.

The parent who chooses to home school the child is also at liberty to pick and choose the materials or subjects, in which the child has a natural aptitude and interest. This is not so with traditional schools. The traditional school management imposes everything from the books to the stationery, the syllabus to timetable etc. The home school can be customized. The main element in favor of home schooling is the fact that the parent is able to devote individual attention to the child and bring out the best in him or her.

In a traditional school, the ratio of teacher to students is 1:30, 40 or 50. This prevents the teacher to address the difficulty of each child within the thirty or forty minute time slot allotted to each subject. In the case of home schooling, if you are teaching the child a particular topic, like quadratic equations in math, and the child cannot grasp the examples and application very easily, you could restructure the time slot from half an hour of learning to one hour.

In home schooling, to impart teaching can be handled by both parents, even while on a family outing. To educate becomes an extended family activity in this way. However, in the case of traditional schools, there is no time for family bonding during school hours. While in home schooling, the child is monitored and kept away from negative peer influences. It is not possible to do so in a traditional school.

Home schooling environment makes the child confident to learn easily, besides possessing talent and knowledge. There is no competition and hence no fear, as may be the case with many children, who drop out of traditional schools. In the traditional schools, to make comparisons among children are not ruled out. However, one can argue to favor traditional schools, since children are helped to cope up early in life to face competition and pressures in the traditional school environment.

To home school your child or not is a personal choice, but the way you guide should give direction to the growth of the child both in education and health. It is not so much the matter of convenience, a parent should look into. All the above matter would help you to make a decision to choose home schooling or traditional schooling.

Scs and Sts: Educational Realization

SCs and STs: Educational Realization
– Ramaiah Bheenaveni*

The world of today, by and large, is comparatively a rapidly changing one and the changes have been in a variety of directions. Not long ago society was through of as a reality sub-generis far beyond the control of individuals to change it –and education as a process of inducting new entrants into society. The idea that societies can be changed and, that too, education can be vital instrument of social transformation is increasingly felt. Geared to the preservation and perpetuation of tradition in the past, education is now being used to bring about social transformation in a large scale. This represents a kind of dilemma in respect of the social role of education in traditional societies.

Ignoring this dilemma, many social scientists today re inclined to believe that education is a powerful instrument of social transformation. The prevailing opinion in circles of social science is that education is an agency of modernization. It is argued that education promotes modernity in many ways but chiefly in two: (i) by sharpening the “critical awareness” of the people about the social structure in which they are placed, and (ii) by changing the consciousness of the people in a direction congruent with the dominant value of our age-rationality-which is also the mainspring of modernity. Following this reasoning, there has come up an impressive body of literature in recent years of documenting the impact of schooling on individual modernity in developing societies. The profound social changes that India has witnessed in the last few decades or so have affected its entire population, yet in some sections of its society their impact has been much more marked than in others.

Education is the key to development of any community. It can broaden the world view of the people, equipping them to meet the present day challenges. Education can be an input to their development. It can also build up inner strength of the people. Almost all studies have emphasized the importance of education in the development of the people. Ignorance is the biggest reason for weakness and knowledge is power. In the development effort, education has a pride of place in the priorities of the people. This is particularly so when the two systems of unequal strength come in contact. Education brings knowledge to he community and keeps in acquiring a new strength to enable it to face the new challenges which naturally come by when the process of change unfold unforeseen forces.

The role of education as an investment in human resources has been increasingly recognized all over the underdeveloped and developed countries. Education has special significance for the weaker sections of society, which are facing a new situation in the development process to adjust themselves properly to the changing circumstances. For them, education is an input not only for their economic development, but also for promoting in them self-confidence and inner strength to face the new challenges.

This position SC/ST education critically examines the contemporary reality of schooling of children belonging to Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe communities who have been historically excluded from formal education – the former due to their oppression under caste feudal society and the latter due to their spatial isolation and cultural difference and subsequent marginalization by dominant society. There are thus sharp differences between these two categories of population in terms of socio-economic location and the nature of disabilities. However, there is also growing common ground today in terms of conditions of economic exploitation and social discrimination that arise out of the impact of iniquitous development process. Concomitantly, the categories themselves are far from homogenous in terms of class, region, religion and gender and what we face today is an intricately complex reality. Bearing this in mind this paper attempts to provide a contextualized understanding of the field situation of the education of SC/ST children and issues and problems that directly or indirectly have a bearing on their future educational prospects.

The educational effort so far as the SC and ST communities are concerned has to be somewhat different than for the general areas. In case of advanced groups and areas, demand for education is already there. Establishment of an educational institution itself is sufficient to attract the children from the advanced communities because their parents are interested in their education. This is not the case with the poorer section of the community. The message has as yet not reached the more backward rural and tribal areas where the citizen is still not very much aware about the practical utility of education. Thus, a number of socio-economic factors are coming in the way of members of SC and STs in sending their children to schools. In many cases, it is sheer economic hardship. Therefore, the universal educational programmes at the elementary stage in the case of these communities have to be much more than mere opening up of educational institutions. The students belonging to these communities may have to be provided with free textbooks, mid-day meals, and in the case of girls, even a pair of uniform. As the children grow, they become economic assets to the family. It may be necessary, therefore, that they are provided suitable scholarships and stipends in higher classes. It has to be ensured that if we cannot compensate the family, at least education should not be a burden on a poor family. In the case of tribal areas, it may be necessary that at middle school and high school levels adequate hostel facilities are also provided, as an institutional network itself will not be of much help. It is commonly observed that in some tribal areas much of the institutional capacity remains under-utilized.

Special state institutions were set up for the advancement of SC/ST and various legislations, social policies and programmes were drafted which were geared to their economic and political development and achievement of equal social status. It has been difficult however, to identify these categories in terms of criteria laid down by the state. The ‘problem’ of the scheduled tribes has been a vexed one, given the various levels of social and cultural distance and varying degrees of voluntary or forced assimilation exploitation and/or displacement. In fact, it has been pointed out by Galanter that just where the line between Scheduled Tribes and non-Scheduled Tribes is to be drawn has not been clear. There are problems of overlap with caste and controversy whether a specific group is more appropriately classified as a ST or SC. Policy however treats the SC and ST groups homogenously. Moreover it rests largely on the assumption that mainstreaming is progress, while paying lip service to preserve distinctive cultures, especially of tribals who are coerced into assimilation.

Education was perceived as crucial to processes of planned change. It was seen as the key instrument for bringing about a social order based on value of equality and social justice. Expansion and democratization of the education system was sought, the two primary egalitarian goals of which were the universalisation of elementary education and the educational “upliftment” of disadvantaged groups. The State’s special promotional efforts have undoubtedly resulted in educational progress for the SC/ST especially in regions where policy implementation combined with the dynamism of reform, and most crucially with anticaste, dalit, tribal and religious conversion movements.

The last two decades have spelt the decline of the Welfare State under the powerful impact of global economic forces and neo-liberal economic policies. The egalitarian ethic underlying planned change and development is being rapidly decimated. The ideology of the Indian State’s New Economic Policy emphasizes the pre-eminence of markets and profits. In the context of an elite directed consensus on the inevitability of liberalization and structural adjustment, the predominant problems and debates of education have undergone major shifts. Structural adjustment have provided the legitimacy and impetus for a number of educational reforms that pose a direct threat to the mission of universalizing elementary education and equalizing educational opportunity for SC/ST, especially those left behind. The state is withdrawing from social sectors of education and health and delegating its social commitments and responsibilities to private agencies and non-governmental organizations. There is already enough indication that basic educational needs of the SC and ST are getting seriously undermined under the new dispensation adversely affecting life chances of vast sections of those who have yet to make the shift to first generation learning.

Urban migration, education, occupational change and religious conversion have been pursued by the scheduled castes as key strategies of socio-economic emancipation, status change and acquisition of a new social identity. They have achieved varying degrees of success. Anti caste and dalit movements have provided the bases for political consciousness and assertions of new self-consciousness and new self-respecting collective identities grounded in both moderate-reformist and radical ideologies. Contemporarily, the rigours of pollution, social practices of untouchability and social relations of servility vary greatly in different parts of the country. The widespread upsurge of atrocity signifies continued caste based oppression. Caste and occupation were closely interlinked in the traditional socio-economic order, and the lowest manual and menial occupations were reserved for the SC. The link has gradually been broken but not completely. There have been shifts to caste free occupations. Changes took place with the arrival of new opportunities in rural employment and petty business as well as through education based occupational and social mobility in rural and urban contexts. However, economic exploitation and economic disadvantage and continued concentration in menial occupations continue to sustain and reinforce the degraded social position of the majority of the SC. Rural SC are predominantly landless and impoverished agricultural labour. Women are multiply subordinated.

By modernization is meant a process of long range social and cultural change, often regarded as leading to the progressive development of society. It is a multifaceted development specifically leading to the industrialization of economy, and increase in the geographic and social mobility and, the secularization of ideas, which give rise to secular, scientific and technical education. It also means a change from ascribed to achieved status and a higher standard of living. Thus, modernization is a question of changes in the social structure, norms and value orientations, and as such it demands certain norms and value orientations, and as such it demands certain adoptive devices. As a consequent of this modernization SC and STs are egger to adopt the new trends of modern culture which is possible only by the modern education.

State Provision for Education of SC and ST and Recent Trends in Their Educational Progress

State commitment to the education of SC/ST children is contained in Articles 15(4), 45 and 46 of the Indian Constitution. Article 15(4) underscores the state’s basic commitment to positive discrimination in favour of the socially and educationally backward classes and/or the SC and ST. Article 45 declares the state’s endeavour to provide free and compulsory education for all children until they complete the age of 14 years. Article 46 expresses the specific aim to promote with special care the educational and economic interests of SC/ST.

In its effort to offset educational and socio-historical disadvantage, the Indian state conceived a range of enabling provisions that would facilitate access to and ensure retention of SC and ST children in school. In the initial Five Year Plans, the focus was on making available basic educational facilities such as schools especially in remote areas and providing scholarships and books. Both Central and State governments took up the responsibility of special educational provision. The scope of enabling interventions expanded considerably after the Fourth Five Year Plan.

Special schemes pertaining to school education of SC/ST children currently include: i) free supply of textbooks and stationery at all stages of school education ii) free uniforms to children in govt. approved hostels and Ashrams schools, and in some states also for children in regular schools; iii) free education at all levels; iv) pre-matric stipends and scholarships to students at middle and/or high school stage; v) special scheme of pre-matric scholarships for children of castes and families engaged in unclean occupations like scavenging, tanning and flaying of animal skin; vi) girls and boys hostels for SC/ST students and lodging facilities in hostels of backward classes including SC/ST; vii) ashram schools for tribal children started with the intention of overcoming the difficulties of provision in remote regions and also rather patronizingly to provide an environment “educationally more conducive” than the tribal habitat. In addition, several states have instituted schemes such as scholarships to SC students studying in private schools, merit scholarships, attendance scholarships for girls, special school attendance prizes, remedial coaching classes, reimbursement of excursion expenses and provision of mid-day meals. The last has been recommended as an integral element in schooling by the Working group on Development and Welfare of the Scheduled Castes.


Education has always been considered an instrument of social change. In present day society education has been considered a sound economic investment and that is the reason why in all the developed and developing societies greater attention is being paid to education. The role of education is to transform a static society into one vibrant with a commitment to development and change.

In out national perception, education is essential for all. This is fundamental to our all round development such as material, psychological, spiritual and so on. Obviously, it implies that education of the Scheduled Tribes is fundamental to the development of the people of this area, and hence, it is essential for them also. Education is a potent agent not only for the social and psychological changes but it may influence productivity and economic development also, and, that is the reason why, for the last few years in the literature on development there has been much talk about the relationship between education and economic development and about education as investment. Educational will also help in the socialization of a child, and the development of the human personality, social mobility, occupational change, and the rise of professions. Education is not only a means of adjustment into the society and all round development, but it is also an end in itself. Education affords protection of life. In addition to its relation with moral values, it is closely associated with socio-economic development. Education is, therefore, very significant for the development of a country and in spite of having many severe problems, the developing countries provide high priority to education. India is, undoubtedly, one among them.

1. Das, A.K. and R.N. Saha, (1989): West Bengal Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes: Facts and Information, Bulletin of the Cultural Research Institute, No.32, Govt. of W.B., SC & TW Department, Calcutta

2. Nayar, P.K. , (1975) : “The Scheduled Castes and Tribes High School Students in Kerala, Dept of Sociology, Kerala University
3. Pratap, D.R. et al, (1971): Study of Ashram Schools in tribal Areas of Andhra Pradesh, Tribal Cultural Research and Training Institute, Hyderabad.

4. Mani, Gomathi, (1991) Education in the International Context, Sterling Publishers (P) Ltd., New Delhi, pp118-132.

5. Thomas, Joseph A. (2001): Dynamics of Educational Development: A Case Study of Selected `Backward’ Villages in Kerala, in Vaidyanathan, A. & Nair, Gopinathan, P.R. (eds.) Elementary Education in Rural India: A Grassroots View, New Delhi: Sage Publications, pp. 166-216.

6. Sujatha, K. (1994): “Educational Development among Tribes: A Study of Sub-Plan Areas in Andhra Pradesh, New Delhi: South Asian Publishers.

7. Muralidharan, V. (1997): “Educational Priorities and Dalit Society”, Kanishka Publishers, New Delhi.

Woman’s role in man’s world

KTR WOMEN’S COLLEGE, GUDIVADA Smt. N.Dhaneswari, Principal. ________________________________________________________________________ To, The Editor, The Hindu. From, Smt. N.Dhaneswari, Principal, KTR women’s College, Gudivada. Sir, Sub: Submission of Article for publishing title- “Women’s Role in Men’s World- regarding Ref: Your news report in Metro plus about Yulia Egorova The Telugu Jews – by Samuel Jonathan, staff reporter, Guntur. I am a regular reader of the Hindu. To my surprise I have learned about the Telugu Jews bene Ephraim communities in A.P and London research scholar Yulia Egorova in metro plus The Hindu reported by Samuel Jonathan. I have directly learned more about the Telugu Jews and their culture through our Distance Education Teacher who belonged to the Telugu Jewish Bene Ephraim Community. I was inspired to learn about the Semitic song ‘Woman of Valor’ in their culture. With that inspiration I have written this article ‘Woman’s role in man’s world’. In this regard I request you to publish my article ‘Woman’ role in man’s world’ in the Hindu. I hereby declare that this is my own work and not a copy. I need to know your feedback as early as possible so that I can send it to other news papers. I have decided to spread this concept through out A.P. first by launching a campaign. I appreciate if you consider this article to publish in your esteemed daily. Thanking you, Sincerely N. Dhanweswari Principal KTR Women’s college Gudivada.

P.S. KTR Women’s College Distance Education centre encouraged many slum area women to get enrolled in the courses and get education.

Woman’s role in a man’s world

Since times unknown woman has been loyal to her natural role in household management as a mother, wife, sister and daughter. The nature has granted her specific rights, duties and responsibilities as well as tremendous talents and capabilities to preserve life, build human societies and to maintain peace, prosperity and well being of humanity at large. Ancient world cultures had realized her role in the human world and bestowed adequate titles upon her such as – mother of all living beings, queen of the house, woman of valour and builder of the house and the like. Down the road human civilizations man’s world has progressively stripped off her role and made her dependent upon man’s hegemony even for her basic needs.

Nations that encroached woman’s space have consequently faced many a problem. Such nations have ended upon forest cultures and began to see woman either as goddess of fertility, sex symbol and a thing for perverted cultic worship on the one hand or as a slave, servant, serf, chattel and a kitchen rabbit on the other hand. These nations of savage forest cultures have trodden the woman down and brought to the no-being status. This inhuman forest culture has ruined the human ecological balance and brought forth chaos in human relations, societies and nations. However, the nations that still followed the garden cultures let her do her nature-given role of household management and have witnessed fantastic progress in every field of life and met with natural development in every human enterprise. These nations of garden cultures stood as exemplary nations for today’s developing nations.

As a lecturer in economics and as the principal of the Women’s college I have had the privilege, access and opportunity to realize and study the nature-given role of woman in the society as the key to the prosperity of the society. I have taken up the slogan ‘let woman do her job’ and went out an extra mile and encouraged the women of the slums to get enrolled in the distance education centre of our college. I have personally seen the plight of the women in our town and the surrounding suburbs through National Service Scheme camps and tried my level best to bring forth the awareness of woman’s role in the man’s world as the natural household manager. I wish I could convince the university authorities to introduce this age old but new subject in the syllabus along with the modern computer sciences in UG and PG levels. I truly felt that this subject is the immediate need for all developing nations to study as the key for development of the nations envisioned by great Semitic economists and reformers.

My plea is as simple as this. Let woman play her role in the household management for the sake of peace, prosperity and the well being of the family society and the nation. It is the woman that can build her house – from Pharaoh’s house to the farmer’s house. When woman has no role to play in the building of the home, prosperity is impossible. I have scientifically witnessed this natural phenomenon in my experience. I encourage everyone to study the acrostic song of ‘woman of valor’ written and enjoyed by the ancient Semitic societies. I appeal to all to just give woman back her role in household management and see the results for yourselves. As a lecturer in economics I have been teaching the definition of the term economics to the freshers for many years. The Greek oikos [which means house] and nomos [which means laws] together made economics as the subject to study the household laws. But to my surprise the study of the house or its queen is seen nowhere in the study of modern economics. The house and its lawmaker i.e. woman slowly disappeared from the modern economics.

Therefore I have made my lifetime profession to educate the nation and being one and all to the awareness of the face that the role of woman is the key for prosperity. We all know that India is the union of nations, cultures, languages and religions. In this gigantic union woman has been experiencing twofold extremities. She is idolized and worshiped as Jaganmatha [mother of the world] at one extreme and in practice she is raped, persecuted, trodden down, and treacherously murdered at the other extreme. This imbalance is the main reason for the financial backwardness of certain cultures in our country. Because of these cultures the whole country has been branded as ‘poor country’ by the neighbors. The leasers, legislators, reformers, philanthropists and governments have been struggling to stop the atrocities against woman. But no one is paying attention to the fact that the responsibility of the household management has to return to the woman for the sake of the prosperity of our country.

I know that no one common rule can work in our country as we are the union of many nations, cultures, languages and religions. There are patriarchal and matriarchal family structures in our country. Then how do we achieve this? First of all the common man needs to understand this simple truth and make a decision to handover the responsibility of the household management to the woman. Those who started this process have already witnessed good results. The banks and the governments do need to encourage woman along these lines in a more practical way. Once we begin to do this we can see light within our generation’s lifetime. On this foundation i.e. ‘Let woman play her role’ we can further build storeys, skyscrapers and eventually ascend to the high heavens in all walks of life. Let us transform the forest cultures into garden cultures by recognizing the true role of the woman in a family, society and a nation.

Let us take it seriously and treat this as our first step towards repairing the modern world. Let us return this natural role of the woman back to her for the safety of the mankind. As loyal citizens of this grate country+ we are well aware of the naked fact that our country is the mysterious union of many nations, cultures, languages and religious. Our constitution has provided certain fundamental rights for the citizens. But fight for the rights has become the fashionable slogan of the day. If one has to fight for the rights how can we understand the true meaning of the term ‘rights’? If something is my right who has stolen it and who is my enemy? And with whom am I supposed to fight?

Let me remind the Telugu saying that sys about the woman and the wealth. It says – the wealth of the house disappears if the woman sheds tears. The daily news continues to report that our women still shed tears in our society for one reason or the other. To encourage the citizens to fight for their already constitutionally granted rights means that we are still under enemy’s rule. If it is my country and if this government is my government that protects my rights, why do I need to fight for my rights? This paradoxical situation tells me that we are still under the forest culture where [might is right – survival of the fittest] I do need to fight for my survival.

Therefore it is not my intention to encourage woman to fight for her rights. But it is my dire intention to educate the woman, to equip her with adequate tools and to encourage her to play her nature given role in man’s society and thus to bring forth the garden culture in to our societies. This essential burden to educate equip and encourage woman has brought forth many practical issues to be addressed. What kind of education does the woman need in order to play her role of household management? Is the present system of education suitable to teach and train her in her role? Is such basic training available in the present educational system? What kind of new tools can train her in her role? How best can we encourage her in her role? Are we ready to change our thinking patterns abo8t woman? These are some of the issues to be addressed.

First of all she needs special kind of education at home. The home school system should train her to teach her household and to learn with them. She should be able to study the contemporary society and share her knowledge with her household. Much research has to be done in this area in the academic circles. A new methodology, syllabi and new subject matter have to come to light. The age old but new concepts of woman’s home rule and home school would hopefully take us to the heights needed and make us better humans, better citizens and the best learners of life itself. My last question is – are we ready to allow woman to play her role in her household management yet? India is the biggest and the best learning centre. As I observed before our country is the most exemplary union of nations, cultures, languages and religions and we can always learn form our neighbors the best lessons of life.

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Why does the world need women?

Sometimes it seems that the world does not need women except for sex and serfdom. In prehistoric times woman was idolized, deified and worshipped as the goddess of fertility, power and sex symbol and as the mother of all living. In course of time woman is brought to the present status i.e. serfdom. Daily news still reports atrocities against woman in spite of our boasting of scientific developments. What happened to man’s attitude towards woman in the due course of time? Today the woman is raped, persecuted and trodden down physically, mentally, spiritually, educationally, sociologically, anthropologically, psychologically, historically, mathematically, ethically, financially, politically and the like. There are acts, rules and statutes to stop the atrocities against woman. But in practice this inhuman and monstrous habit still continues. It is an open secret and everyone knows these facts. Are we going to permanently close our eyes to this inhuman habit or take steps to stop this ugly demonic habit?

Woman is the natural household manager. Forest cultures ignored this fact and pushed out the woman from her nature given role. Such savage cultures are now struggling hard for prosperity. But the garden cultures recognized the nature given role of the woman and now heading towards prosperity. It is a well scientific fact in today’s nations. Reformers, social scientists and government leaders are trying hard to empower woman. But the basic thing here in this issue is to recognize the nature given role of the woman and then give her back her nature given role. Unless and until this basic thing is accomplished with proper awareness, prosperity is impossible. This is the reason for the failure in case of the underdeveloped and the developing nations. These nations are beating around the bush and struggling hard with inadequate methods, statutes, laws and acts to empower the woman. This is like telling the people to go out during curfew. On one hand the man’s world had totally ignored the nature given role of the woman and on the other hand the man’s world is pretending as lovers of the woman. The UN has many schemes to empower woman. All those seminars ended up in lip service. First of all the man’s world must recognize the nature given role of the woman and return back her role.

Advice On Receiving A Payday Loan

Get urgent $ 300 Anchorage, AK no employment verification Get $700 tonight fast wire transfer. You can also apply instant $ 800 Baton Rouge, LA within one hour .

Payday cash loans, otherwise known as brief-word financial loans, offer monetary solutions to anyone who requires some cash easily. Nonetheless, the procedure could be a little bit complicated. It is vital that do you know what to expect. The ideas in this post will prepare you for a cash advance, so you may have a excellent expertise.

Analysis a variety of pay day loan firms well before settling on a single. There are many different businesses around. Most of which can charge you critical premiums, and charges in comparison to other alternatives. In fact, some could possibly have short-term special deals, that basically make any difference inside the sum total. Do your perseverance, and ensure you are acquiring the hottest deal possible.

If you do not have adequate resources on your own check out to pay back the money, a payday advance firm will encourage anyone to roll the exact amount above. This only is good for the cash advance company. You will turn out capturing oneself rather than having the capability to repay the borrowed funds.

Should you be at the same time of getting a cash advance, make sure you browse the deal carefully, searching for any invisible service fees or crucial pay out-again information and facts. Do not indicator the arrangement until you fully understand almost everything. Try to find warning signs, for example sizeable fees in the event you go each day or maybe more on the loan’s due day. You could end up paying far more than the initial amount borrowed.

When you get your first payday loan, request a low cost. Most cash advance office buildings give a cost or amount discounted for initially-time debtors. In case the place you need to acquire from will not give a lower price, call close to. If you discover a deduction someplace else, the financing spot, you need to go to probably will match it to acquire your company.

Try having your diet from your home. You would be astonished at just what you can preserve by planning refreshing food in the home. In the event you prepare food large amounts and refrigerate, you may have ample to enjoy for several days. Despite the fact that going out to restaurants is easier, you will find yourself investing more money. This will likely actually assist when it comes to paying down your pay day loan.

Don’t try to keep from payday advance organizations if you’re in personal debt along with them. Payday advance organizations may have debts enthusiasts utilizing them that shock you, plus they may start harassing you if you’re struggling to pay on time. Thus, if prompt pay back is out of the question, it is prudent to barter extra time for make monthly payments.

Practically almost everywhere you appear these days, the truth is a fresh place of any organization providing a cash advance. Online payday loans are tiny loans according to your receipt of immediate deposit of a typical income. This kind of financial loans are of short intervals. Since the lending options are of the a brief period, their interest costs are usually quite high, but these kinds of loans could be very beneficial in circumstances of actual urgent matters.

Only acquire pay day loans from licensed state creditors. The financing regulations of each and every condition will vary, and you should get a authorized and legit bank loan. The loan originator you select must be licensed at home status.

Always compute the interest and service fees to learn just how much the financing will actually cost eventually. It can be well-known that pay day loans incorporate higher than standard interest levels. They can also demand charges for taking out a loan. These supervision fees are often hidden from the tiny print.

For those who have analyzed a bunch of their possibilities and have determined that they have to make use of an urgent pay day loan, be a intelligent client. Do your homework and choose a pay day loan provider which provides the lowest interest rates and fees. If at all possible, only use what you are able afford to repay with the following paycheck.

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Although the expense of getting a payday advance is not really cheap, it genuinely only leads to huge issue when you may not pay the financial loan back again punctually. Even with sky-high rates of interest, normal online payday loans are thanks in one to two days. This does not give much time for large levels of attention to collect. If you cannot afford to spend the money for loan way back in time, however, the curiosity becomes a major, costly issue.

Because It was pointed out at the outset of this post, a payday loan may be what exactly you need in case you are at the moment quick on money. Even so, ensure that you are informed about pay day loans are very about. This information is suggested to help you in making sensible pay day loan options.

Educational/school Psychology in the Pursuit of Human Well-being

Educational/School Psychology in the Pursuit of Human Well-Being


            Now we are living in the technological modern world. With the help of science and technology we have developed in all fields. India is a developing country. We have lot of human resources after China. But the literacy rate is very low when compared to other developed and developing countries in the world. India is a rich country, but Indians are poor. With the help of science and technology and by utilizing all sources in the proper way it is possible to India to become a developed country in the world. In the modern world people living with high tension. The student in schools and colleges are also living with high tension because of heavy competitions. It is necessary to introduce psychology as a general subject in all the classes both at school and college levels. Yoga and meditation is also necessary for each and every one in the world.

Definition of Education

Ø      Education is the learning of human souls to what is best, and making what is best out of them?

–        John Ruskin

Ø      Education is a weapon, whose effect depends on who holds it is his hands and at whom it is aimed.

                                                                                                    – Joseph Stalin

The word education is derived from the Latin educare, meaning “to raise”, “to bring up”, “to train”, “to rear”. Education means the gradual process of acquiring knowledge. Education is a preparation for life. Education is also defined as the profession of teaching (especially at a school or college or university).

Importance of Education

India is a union comprised of twenty eight states and seven Territories. The Constitution provides directives regarding the development of education throughout the country. The areas in which the respective central and state governments have domain have been identified in the Constitution as the central list, state list and concurrent list. Until the late 1970s, school education had been on the state list, which meant that states had the final say in the management of their respective school systems. However, in 1976, education was transferred to the concurrent list through a constitutional amendment, the objective being to promote meaningful educational partnerships between the central and state governments. Today, the central government establishes broad education policies for school curricula development and management practices. These serve as guidelines for the states.

Generally, at the start of a very young age, children learn to develop and use their mental, moral and physical powers, which they acquire through various types of education. Education is commonly referred to as the process of learning and obtaining knowledge at school, in a form of formal education. However, the process of education does not only start when a child first attends school. Education begins at home. One does not only acquire knowledge from a teacher; one can learn and receive knowledge from a parent, family member and even an acquaintance. In almost all societies, attending school and receiving an education is extremely vital and necessary if one wants to achieve success.

Educational Psychology

Educational psychology is the study of how humans learn in educational settings, the effectiveness of educational interventions, the psychology of teaching, and the social psychology of schools as organizations. Although the terms “educational psychology” and “school psychology” are often used interchangeably, researchers and theorists are likely to be identified as educational psychologists, whereas practitioners in schools or school-related settings are identified as school psychologists. Educational psychology is concerned with the processes of educational attainment among the general population and sub-populations such as gifted children and those subject to specific disabilities

            Educational psychology can in part be understood through its relationship with other disciplines. It is informed primarily by psychology, bearing a relationship to that discipline analogous to the relationship between medicine and biology. Educational psychology in turn informs a wide range of specialities within educational studies, including instructional design, educational technology, curriculum development, organizational learning, special education and classroom management. Educational psychology both draws from and contributes to cognitive science and the learning sciences. In universities, departments of educational psychology are usually housed within faculties of education, possibly accounting for the lack of representation of educational psychology content in introductory psychology textbooks.

Uses of Educational Psychology

For finding Individual differences and Disabilities

            Each person has an individual profile of characteristics, abilities and challenges that result from learning and development. These manifest as individual differences in intelligence, creativity, cognitive style, motivation, and the capacity to process information, communicate, and relate to others. The most prevalent disabilities found among school age children are attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), learning disability, dyslexia, and speech disorder. Less common disabilities include mental retardation, hearing impairment, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, and blindness.

Although theories of intelligence have been discussed by philosophers since Plato, intelligence testing is an invention of educational psychology, and is coincident with the development of that discipline. Continuing debates about the nature of intelligence revolve on whether intelligence can be characterized by a single, scalar factor (Spearman’s general intelligence), multiple factors (as in Sternberg’s triarchic theory of intelligence and Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences), or whether it can be measured at all. In practice, standardized instruments such as the Stanford-Binet IQ test and the WISC are widely used in economically developed countries to identify children in need of individualized educational treatment. Children classified as gifted are often provided with accelerated or enriched programs. Children with identified deficits may be provided with enhanced education in specific skills such as phonological awareness.

 For Social, Moral and Cognitive Developemnt      

To understand the characteristics of learners in childhood, adolescence, adulthood, and old age, educational psychology develops and applies theories of human development. Often cast as stages through which people pass as they mature, developmental theories describe changes in mental abilities (cognition), social roles, moral reasoning, and beliefs about the nature of knowledge.

For example, educational psychologists have researched the instructional applicability of Jean Piaget’s theory of development, according to which children mature through four stages of cognitive capability. Piaget hypothesized that children are not capable of abstract logical thought until they are older than about 11 years, and therefore younger children need to be taught using concrete objects and examples. Researchers have found that transitions, such as from concrete to abstract logical thought, do not occur at the same time in all domains. A child may be able to think abstractly about mathematics, but remain limited to concrete thought when reasoning about human relationships. Perhaps Piaget’s most enduring contribution is his insight that people actively construct their understanding through a self-regulatory process.

Piaget proposed a developmental theory of moral reasoning in which children progress from a naive understanding of morality based on behavior and outcomes to a more advanced understanding based on intentions. Piaget’s views of moral development were elaborated by Kohlberg into a stage theory of moral development. There is evidence that the moral reasoning described in stage theories is not sufficient to account for moral behavior. For example, other factors such as modeling (as described by the social cognitive theory of morality) are required to explain bullying.

Developmental theories are sometimes presented not as shifts between qualitatively different stages, but as gradual increments on separate dimensions. Development of epistemological beliefs (beliefs about knowledge) have been described in terms of gradual changes in people’s belief in: certainty and permanence of knowledge, fixedness of ability, and credibility of authorities such as teachers and experts. People develop more sophisticated beliefs about knowledge as they gain in education and maturity.

Psychology and Teacher

            Teacher is a national builder. He has a power to change the world through education. According to our Indians teacher is a third god. Teacher plays a prominet role in the development of society. Educational Psychology is a main subject in  teacher education at D.Ed., B.Ed., and M.Ed. levels. It is necessary for each and every teacher to know about psychology. Becausse it is necessary to know the behaviour of the students in the class. Teacher has different roles  like father, advisor, councellor, administrator and well wisher. The future of any country is in the hands of teachers. So it is necessary to give importance for teacher education. So our government introduced psychology subject in teacher education curriculum.

After undergoing the course, the student teacher

1)      Explains psychology and its relationship with Education.

2)      Classifies different branches of psychology and explains their significance.

3)      Explains the importance of heredity and environment and its influences in educational process.

4)      Explains the different aspects of the development of the child.

5)      Explains the growth and human beings and their behaviour.

6)      Describes the individual aspects of the development of the child.

7)      Explains the primary needs of the children.

8)      Explains the secondary needs of the children.

9)      Explains the theories of learning and the factors influencing learning.

10)  Explains the concept of socialization.

11)  Explains the different types of learning.

12)  Understands the concept of motivation and the steps to be taken to motivate the children.

13)  Explains attention and its uses.

14)  Develops skill of observation, listening, responding and understanding.

15)  Describes memory, remembering and forgetting and identifies conditions of good memory.

16)  Describes the effects of different methods used for learning process.

17)  Explains thinking process and its uses-perception, conception, apperception for different ages.

18)  Explains the role of creativity and its development.

19)  Explains the meaning of intelligence and understands the changing concept of intelligence.

20)  Enhances personality development of pupils.

21)  Describes the mental hygiene and mental health.

22)  Understands exceptional children and their significance.

23)  Practices guidance and counseling for school pupils.


          Educational psychology is an application of the principles of psychology for effective learning and modification of behaviour on desirable dimensions.  Knowledge of educational psychology makes a teacher effective in motivating the pupils in their learning.  In short it is an inseparable part of strategy in education. Education gives knowledge, wealth and health. Education is a solution for all types of problems in the society. Through education only it is possible overall development of a person in the society. Through education it is easy to know about behavour of the students and persons in the society with the help of psychology. So it is necessary to study psychology all persons in the society in the modern world. Educational Psychology helps the overall development of the student.


1. Educational psychology a cognitive view by Asubel, D.P. 

2..Element of educational psychology by Bhatia, H.R. 

3. Psychology applied to teaching by Bichler, R.F. 

4. Educational psychology by Cole, E.C. and Bruce, W.F.

5. http:/


Misconceptions about homeschooling

Five Homeschooling Misconceptions By Asha Oshun’ Mali

When I told my mostly middle class family that I was thinking of homeschooling my children, I was met with a host of negative responses. My mother, in particular, was mortified. “Home school!” she said exasperated. “Now why would you want to do that? Don’t you know home school children don’t get into good colleges? And, how will you socialize them?”

I did not know how to respond to her then. What I did know: was that I was not crazy about the education my children were receiving at their perspective schools. I did not blame their teachers at all for this-I knew they were doing the best they could-and honestly, I feel it’s a parent’s job to ensure their children are getting a quality education.

But still, I did not know how the home school processed worked. So, I turned to what I am good at; snooping. I stalked internet websites on homeschooling for weeks- learning all that I could. I also took a trip to the library-a handy free resource-and read books on the subject as well.

Added to this, I found out through word of mouth-which of my friends knew home schooling parents. I learned a lot from my quest, and I certainly learned a lot about home schooling misconceptions.

Misconception number one:

One of the most common misconceptions is that homeschooled students will not be able to socialize with other kids.  Having my children not only socialize with other kids their age, but also participate in community service programs, was very important to me when considering the option of homeschooling.

I wanted to make sure they had hands on experience for their perspective career interest and I also wanted to make sure they understood the importance of volunteering their time to help others in need. My thirteen year old wants to be a Veterinarian. I wondered how I would be able to make sure she was able to learn more about animals.

I found out through my research, that she could not only get experience by working  at animal shelters , but that she would also be able to fulfill a community service component by volunteering her time.

And as far as socialization is concerned, there is plenty of information available on the internet. is just one of the many sites where you can find home school social groups for your particular state.

There are also sites that can help strengthen your child’s skills by allowing them to interact with other learners their age.  is one such site. Helium offers teenagers, 13 and up, the chance to display their writing and the opportunity to read the writing of others.

Misconceptions number two:

A friend was careful to advise me that homeschooling was illegal. I told her I did not think so, but she insisted. “You are going to go to jail and lose your kids if you home school girl.” She said. While the mere thought of doing something illegal-especially where my children were concerned-was terrifying for me, my research showed me that homeschooling is indeed- legal.

There are state rules that must be followed however. I was reassured after learning from Fine (www. that homeschooling is legal in all 50 states. I was also encouraged by the fact that there were many sites that had detailed information on the legal information regarding homeschooling for each state.

One of the most informative was the Homeschooling Legal Defense Association.( The site is very detailed in regard to the legal ins and outs of what you can and can’t do as a home school parent or guardian.

Misconception number 3:

The next misconception I was met with was that to teach children at home you needed at least a bachelor’s degree and a teaching certificate. I learned that is in not true either. However, each state has different laws regarding homeschooling.

In Georgia for instance, all you need is a high school diploma. And, you have to make sure that you hand in an attendance sheet at the end of every month so that you are in compliance with truancy laws.

Teacher Certification is also not required in most states. You must be careful, however, to make sure that you are competent at the subjects you are teaching.  Your child’s education is extremely important. Don’t be afraid to enlist tutors to aide you in giving your child the highest quality education possible.

And you will need to make sure the tutors are qualified. In some states, like California, tutors must be certified.  However, you will have to do the research to find out what your states home schooling laws are.

Misconception number 4:

“Are you going to be able to afford it? I mean, the economy is pretty bad out there and you won’t be able to work full time if you home school.” This was a legitimate concern for me. I knew that I and my husband would have to work.

But, I knew too, that our schedules could be set up in a way that would allow us to offer our children the best of our time, resources, and attention.  As far as affordability is concerned, homeschooling is no more expensive than public school and far less expensive than most private schools.  Homework on your part is important.

The internet offers a plethora of websites on homeschooling.  One of my favorites is Successful Homeschooling ( This wonderful website gives useful information and links on where to find cost cutting materials such as used books, free and low cost homeschooling links, and much more. And there are many other sites like this one available on the web. Just head over to Google and do a search. You will be amazed at what you will find.

Misconception number 5:

Can home schooled children get into good colleges?  According to Karl M. Bundy they can and not just in America. Mr. Bundy ( , list well over 1,000 colleges that have accepted and still do accept home school students.

And, some of America’s finest colleges and universities, like Harvard, are listed as well.  If you are worried about standardized test like the A.C.T and S.A.T, you don’t have to. According to Isabel Shaw in an article written for Back to School with Family Education (,

“On average, homeschooled kids score one year ahead of their schooled peers on standardized tests. The longer the student home schools, the wider this gap becomes. By the time homeschooled children are in the eighth grade, they test four years ahead of their schooled peers.”  (

Of course, you as the parent educator will have to do your own foot work where getting your child into the school of your choice is concerned. But, that would be your job no matter what system you choice for your child to attend; private, public or home.

All in all, homeschooling can be an enriching experience not only for your children, but for you as well. Don’t listen to the naysayers; do your own snooping. You will be surprised and delighted at what you will find.

Online Learning: Benefits of Online Learning

It’s no secret that home schooling is the fastest growing forms of education in the world. But what about online homeschooling? On the forefront of educational progression, this subgroup is making serious waves in the education world and the public school is struggling to jump on the bandwagon. There are many benefits to online learning that I will now describe:

The reduced cost of e-learning is probably the most important factor. Homeschool students can access their courses at a mere fraction of the cost that it takes to enroll in a full-time program. There is no need to staff maintenance workers for upkeep, administrators for organization, or teachers for academic needs. Another advantage of online homeschooling is that it allows students to work at home. This reduces the cost of employing bus drivers and other transportation costs.

Free from distractions, students are able to focus on their school work alone. There are no extraneous interstitial periods or boring study halls. There’s no bullying or peer pressure. The child is left to do his/her homeschooling assignments and that’s all. Homeschoolers can also spend much more time with their families. The delivery of online homeschooling information is consistent, free of snow days or sick days. Online homeschoolers can take a few weeks off for vacation, log in from a computer in another country, and more.

The flexibility of online homeschooling allows it to stand out from the rest. Online learning is asynchronous. Students are able to learn at different levels. No one has to be left behind or drug along without fully comprehending the material.

Educational Sales Representative Jobs

Being an educational sales representative can be a very fulfilling job if you have an inclination toward academics and love to deal in educational tools. As an educational sales rep, you can apply for a wide array of jobs coast to coast as there are immense opportunities available in the field. Choosing educational sales jobs as a career option can do loads for your prospects as the sky is the limit if you want to soar higher up in your career.

Take up a job or work from home

With loads of federal money being pumped into education, the time is right for choosing educational sales representative jobs as a career prospect. As an educational sales rep, you can be employed with a school supplies company or work independently from home or from an office anywhere coast to coast.

You can sell school or college text books and educational appliances depending on your job profile and the type of educational institution you are catering to.
You need to be in touch with preschool teachers, middle school or even higher depending on the type of market you are catering to.

There is loads of educational software that you might require to push into academic institutions which would be part of your job. Your best bet would be to check out places where you can equip with a degree or training to be best suited for the job.

Software sales

After all you have to include all relevant information in your resume while applying for the post of an educational sales representative. As an educational software sales consultant you will have to hold seminars to raise awareness of your product and make presentations in your designated area.

There are B2B and B2E type so selling products and depending upon your experience handling any of them, you can easily check out job prospects at publishing firms that hire educational sales reps.

It also depends a lot on which one of the educational products you are passionate about selling as it would also impact your job prospects as an educational sales rep. There are also loads of educational sales representative job opportunities in federal publications that you can check out. It is easy these days as you can hunt for jobs online and match them with your profile and mail your resume.

The pay is good these days and the sky is the limit for performers who can excel in their jobs. If you have a knack for selling educational products, there is no stopping you and with more money coming into education these days, you can have a wide array of choices depending on your educational qualifications, aptitude and experience as an educational sales representative.