Understanding Businesses

Is It Better to Buy Flowers Online?

Once in a while, you will want to buy flowers for a loved one or just for yourself. Buying flowers online is on great way to do it if you are ever thinking of buying flowers. There are a lot of benefits you can get from buying flowers online. A lot of people have been starting to purchase items through the internet, and flowers have been included to these popular online shopping stores. There are really a lot of benefits that buying in an online flower shop can provide you, and here are 3 of those wonderful benefits that you will definitely be receiving if you buy flowers online.

First of all, it is very convenient to buy flowers online. You will no longer need to take some time to actually go out and drive to a flower shop to purchase your flowers. You can now buy flowers from the comforts of your home. With a few simple processes, the flowers will soon be delivered to your home or to the home of your loved one. This is also beneficial because usually if you want to buy flowers for someone or for yourself and you find that you do not have time, you will usually decide on not buying anymore. Since there are no closing hours for online shopping you can do it at your own convenient time.

There are actually more flower choices on online shops that in local flower shops. IF you go to your local florist to buy flowers and find that the flower that you like is not available then you either look for another flower shop or else forget the whole sending flower thing. With online shopping, if you can’t find it in one website, there are many other websites to look for it and will surely have it so you never run out of flower choices. Online shopping is one great way to choose the flowers you want and also the arrangement that you want. And because of this we can say the online shopping for flowers is great.

Buying flowers online is actually cheaper than buying from your local florist. The reason for this is because online flower stores do not need to pay for inventory, rent for the place, and a whole lot of other payments which traditional stores need to pay, making their flowers more expensive. But that is not so with online flower shops, so you can buy flowers at a very cheap price. You can save more money in online stores or you can buy a lot more flower from them.

So next time you are planning on buying flowers, you should really consider buying flowers through online stores because of all these benefits and a whole lot more that you will be receiving.

Source: flower shop phoenix

Smart Tips For Finding Gear

The Right Balance Bike for Your Kids

For little kids who are experiencing the joy of having their first ride on a balance bike is something that they will never forget for the rest of their lives.

The balance bike most often are called run bike. The balance bike is usually for kids doing their first experience in trying to ride a bike and this bike is very good for balance and steering training. Balance bikes do not have pedals and sprockets for chains.

It looks like just a simple bicycle with no pedals and chains. This bike is really made for the purpose of use for little children. It is a must that the right balance bike is selected for the child otherwise you might have to postpone the riding lesson and wait for the kid to grow into the bike.

In some of these models, brakes are optional, either you can fasten a two hand activated ones or no brakes at all. For the children these bikes are very popular.

Choosing the right balance bike is somewhat similar to choosing the right helmet for your kids. The balance bike has also lots of benefits and additionally, it has lots of purposes and reasons why this bike was invented in the first place.

The most difficult part in this learning process is the balance and for those who already know how to ride a bike, that is just the start. Later, pedaling will be introduced and the kids will probably find this process frustrating.

And here are some of the benefits of these balance bikes.

The kids feel more secure as they control their own actions.

The kid’s ability to cope with the balancing is enhanced and improved at their own pace.

Basic balancing, coordination and steering skills are developed.

Balance bikes are aimed at kids from 2 and above, so they can start at an early age. Just make sure that the seat is low enough so that the kids are able to touch the ground with their feet.

With the feet of the kids touching the ground, they will be able to develop confidence and not be scared.

This also makes the children more independent as they can drive around without stabilizers.

The kids will be able to stop a balance bike effortlessly adding to the safety of the child.

A lot of parents observe that changing from a balance bike to a regular one is quite easy for the kids.

The child who has learned and developed balancing, coordination and steering will find it fun and enjoyable and having transitioned to a regular bike is just a natural step for them.

Many families have already considered the option of acquiring balance bike for kids.

Source: Puky balance bike

Looking On The Bright Side of Shops

Questions You Should Ask a Wholesale Flowers Supplier

Every flower shop success often comes in many variables which basically includes customer service and marketing. Apart from the basic variables, it is also important in the success of the business of finding the perfect wholesale flowers suppliers. Yes, you can spend a lot of money on your investment but without the right flowers it would still be hard to find the right customers. When your customers find that the flowers you are selling are actually suffering from stained petals and blotchy, then you would also expect that the flowers will not last at the end of the day and would simply die on your shelves. The single most important decision that you have to make in the flower shop business is to find the right wholesale flowers supplier.
Does your wholesale flower supplier grow their own flowers?

Finding the right wholesaler should have their own flower farm or may have a partner who has a flower farm. If you are able to find a supplier that owns a flower farm or may have a partner who own a flower farm, then it is most likely that you will get the freshest flowers for your shop. Once you get the freshest flowers from a good wholesaler, it would also mean that you will get the freshest flower and that it will have a longer shelf life as compared to those flowers that comes from a cut flower supplier. If you are able to find a supplier that grows their own flowers it also removes the cost that is related to longer supply chain.

Does the supplier grows a wide variety of flowers?

Just to name a few, customers pick flowers according to the season, occasion and their budget. When you have a wide variety of flowers for your customers to choose, it also creates a wider chances repeat clients. Having several suppliers for your shop may not be very confusing but also it can be very time consuming especially when you do your inventory. Choosing a supplier that can provide not just a wide variety of flowers but also variety of colors will simplify your business operations.

Brides do not simply want to settle for roses and most of the wedding planners know about this even if they know that there are other colors available aside from the red and white. Brides wanted to make their wedding more unique so they choose to add flowers that are not common such as the birds of paradise, heliconias, campanulas and even wild flowers. Once you are able to find a supplier that will provide you these kinds of flowers, it will place your shop on the top of the lists in every bride and wedding planners lists.

Source: wholesale flowers phoenix

On Entertainment: My Experience Explained

Essential Things That You Need To Know About Copyright Free Music Have you ever thought about what really is the connection between getting more benefits from videos uploaded to video sharing sites online like YouTube and making use of copyright free music? It all comes down with one word: professionalism. The is no denying about the fact that lots of professional internet marketers out there have an idea on what really is the real value of posting videos in the internet. One of which is the fact that posting videos online poses multiple benefits to the one who posted it. Even though no one got the hype of watching the video that you uploaded online, as long as you included the URL of your website on the description below the video you posted, it will become a valuable backlink that will be of great help in driving traffic to you page because search engine tends to view or visit video sharing sites, most especially YouTube, as authority sites, as backlinks are known to be much more heavily weighted there. But then again, despite having backlinks and all, if the video that you uploaded online reflects badly about yourself or your business, this will not be advantageous for you, especially in the long run. That is why it is very important for you to make sure that when you upload video online that promotes your goods or services to prospective customers, the video certainly impress your prospective customers in a positive way. Well, we all know for a fact that when they feel good about you as well as the products that you are selling, they will become more predisposed on going to visit your site and even decide to do business with you.
Artists Tips for The Average Joe
There is an old adage pertaining to getting that only chance of making the best first impression as you can and one great example for that is online videos. And because of this, all the more reason for you to include professional sounding background music in the production of your video as it will take your video a long way towards influencing others in a positive way.
The Best Advice About Music I’ve Ever Written
There are those internet entrepreneurs and professional internet marketers who want to take advantage of the benefits they can get from online videos, who knows about the need of their production to have the full impact of a background music and in line with this, there are several ways to acquire one without getting into trouble nor breaking the law. By meeting the copyright requirement required by online video sharing sites, you are guaranteed to not get into trouble at all. This is the reason why there are lots of online companies that are selling copyright free music and buying one will allow you to make use of the music for as log as you want without breaking any law.

Fun Free Stress Relief Games to Reduce Stress

When looking for stress relief solutions, you will see there are many various choices available for you. From stress reduction medicine and pills, to various exercises and stress relief games.

So how about a solution that not only takes away your stress fully, but also you have lots of fun doing it? What if you could find a natural method that really works?

This is when fun stress relief games come to your help. These games are fun and easy to play, and help you relieve your stress in just 30 minutes or less.

That’s why more and more people are choosing these games to deal with their stress problems instead of using old relaxation medicine, which used to be common in the older days.

Now we have realized that the medicine only hides your stress and doesn’t cure it. So it only makes you addicted to the medicine, because you know once you stop taking it, your stress will come back… even stronger this time.

So by using natural stress relief ways like free stress games, you can not only get rid of your stress, but also have fun during the process. What’s more, the results will be long lasting.

Studies have proven playing for only 30 minutes with your free stress relief games is an easy, effective way to relieve stress anytime of the day.

There are various types of fun games to help you reduce stress…

– Online games
– Video games
– Stress relief toys
– Funny cartoons online
– Free stress tests and exercises
– And much more.

As you see, your choices are unlimited. You can choose the best one you like based on your taste.

Starting right now, you will no longer be stressed out. Anytime you want, you can use your secret collection of free stress games and exercises to recharge your batteries and have fun.

So what are you waiting for? Start using your stress relief games for a more fun, stress-free day now.

Getting To The Point – Options

Fashionable and Affordable Wholesale Jewelry One thing that you should know about jewelry is that it’s been a long standing accessory for fashion even today. The problem with most people is that they are not able to buy shimmering and costly jewelries due to their tight budget. This is the reason why you should always look for jewelry wholesale opportunities if you want to grab a jewelry that you need for a very affordable price. You should also know that jewelry wholesales can be available online. With this kind of wholesale event, you can conveniently get the right kind of jewelry that you need by just ordering it online. One more thing to remember about this matter is that there are different kinds of jewelries that you can choose from. For example, if you are to get jewelry for fashion, you can expect to get it in a cheaper price range. Buying from a retail jewelry store that provide genuine jewelry materials will surely cost you lot of money. Of course, you will need to ensure that you know the jewelry wholesale is selling in the first place in order to save time. One thing that you have to remember about jewelry wholesale is that the overall price of the listed jewelry will be a lot cheaper than usual. So if you see that the prices aren’t that reasonable for a wholesale event, you need to find the one that offers more affordable rates. Of course, you will want to view these jewelry wholesale events online as going on foot or by car is something that’s impractical. One more thing that you have to consider when buying from a jewelry wholesale is the reliability of the jewelry providers. Keep in mind that depending on the material of the jewelry that you’ll get from the wholesale, their price can vary depending on their composition. In addition to that, the current amount of jewelry that people can buy today is quite numerous. This will surely be something that will take up your time if you’re trying to find a specific jewelry piece.
Doing Options The Right Way
You should know that jewelry can vary in different ways depending on the material that they need to have in the first place. Getting jewelry with the precious materials such as pearls can certainly differ in price range. Also, before you buy a jewelry from the wholesale, you need to that you know what you’re looking for.
What You Should Know About Options This Year
With the use of the internet, you’ll also find it easier to get reliable information when it comes to buying the jewelry that you need. One more thing that you have to consider is the compatibility of the jewelry to your own fashion.

Getting Down To Basics with Businesses

Why Air Duct Cleaning Services are Significant for Your Home Homeowners are well aware that routine maintenance in every property is very important. Every aspect and area of the home needs to be inspected, cleaned, and checked for needed repairs. A very important area of the house that should regularly be maintained is the heating and air conditioning system. There are so many benefits that cleaning the air duct will bring to homeowners. The process involves numerous strategies to ensure that no dust, dirt, and other debris gets clogged in the system. Professional air duct cleaning services offer so many benefits from cleaning, disinfecting, and killing molds or bacteria.
Where To Start with Cleaning and More

The 10 Best Resources For Ducts
Here are just some of the benefits you will reap from hiring a professional air duct cleaning provider who will ensure that your system is always working at its best: Regular maintenance of your heating and air conditioning system saves you money which could have otherwise been spent on repairs. There are so many factors that can cause your system to fail or malfunction and if you don’t know how to avoid these, you will spend a lot of money on repairs. Air duct cleaning experts will ensure that any future issues are avoided so you won’t have to spend a dime in the near future on expensive repairs. This gives you assurance that heating and cooling the home can actually be affordable and convenient. Replacing damaged or worn out parts can be very expensive when you purchase them outside or when you opt to perform the installation yourself. With the help of an air duct cleaning provider, you can get everything in place with a good deal. This will help ensure that you won’t be getting the wrong parts and there will be no further damage on your system. Your family’s health can get affected by unclean systems. Dust and debris can get stuck inside air ducts if these aren’t checked and cleaned regularly. While you and your family may not have allergies, unclean surroundings can still cause respiratory problems for everyone. An air duct cleaning provider will ensure that no particles are trapped into the system so the air quality is always at its finest. Maintenance of heating and air conditioning systems is especially advantageous for those suffering from allergies. Through regular air duct cleaning, the amount of allergens in the air can be reduced. Air ducts have the power to house mold and bacteria, thus causing bad smell around the home. This is why you really need air duct cleaning services. There are professional ways to reduce bad smell and without the help of an expert, you may never get rid of the bad smell. It is highly recommended that you consider air duct cleaning, especially if you have pets and small children. If you want to make sure that everyone in the home is comfortable and free from any risks of respiratory problems, give your local provider a call.

History of Education, Teacher Training, Teaching, Teachers

A Concise History of Education of Teachers, of Teacher Training and Teaching

Western history of teacher training, education history, teaching theories, education of teachers, modern history od education, began in early 18th century Germany: teaching seminaries educating teachers were the first formal teacher training in Western history of education and teaching.

(History of education had 2nd century-BC Greek Spartan free public education, Athenian Academy until age 18 and higher Academy and Lyceum; Roman private formal schooling in tiers; China’s 1st century-BC administrator examinations; 1st century Jewish informal Cul’ Tura general education; Islam’s 9th century universities [madrasahs]; 16th century Aztec mandatory teen education; 18th century Russian nation-wide education, Poland’s Education Ministry, Chez ‘teacher of nations’ Comenius’s ‘Didactica Magna’ on universal education [compulsory, certified teachers, tests]; leading later Western history of education –17th century Scotland’s free education, 18th’s Norway’s mandatory literacy and  New Zealand’s standard education, 21st’s Europe’s Bologna process equalising educational qualifications.)

Teacher education and training, first teacher training college in French  history of education and history of teaching, Jean Babtiste de la Salle’s 18th century Brothers of the Christian schools, had non-clerical male teachers teaching poor and middle class children. Based on Greek philosophers’ philosophy of education and teaching, re-introduced by Islam, spirituality was not its only reason, basis of education. Teacher education and training had been clerical –this was Western history of education’s first secular teacher training college.

This philosophy of education changed educational history’s attitude to education. It reformed education, educational theory, learning, enabled further education reforms and educational theories of teaching in history of education. With education reforms in education history, educational theory of teacher education required of teachers an understanding of the human mind and the theory of education, knowledge of sciences and arts, principles and educational methods of teaching. This need in educational history for a teaching method, method of education, necessitated theories of education -in Western history of education educational theories on teacher education interested educators.

These educational philosophies and theories of education on teacher education became the norm in Western history of education, teacher training establishments first Normal Schools in the history of education and training of teachers.

Teacher education progressed educational history: in history of education and history of teaching the system of education required and enabled knowledge, in-service experience, certification for teachers, continuing professional development for teachers in teaching. This non-uniform system of teacher education and training enabled teachers, while teaching, at teacher seminars to refresh and increase their knowledge of theory of education and method of teaching -exchanging ideas among teachers.

Napoleon, in history of education and teacher training,  uniformed professional teaching. Adopting Germany’s teacher seminars, in French history of education and in Western history of education and training of teachers, established the first uniform teacher education system.

Neither the USA’s educational history nor British history of education did in educational philosophies, systems of education, include formal teacher education and training, although Elizabeth-I had introduced teachers’ moral teaching fitness certification in teacher education .

In England’s history of education and teaching, in early 19th century Joseph Lancaster and Andrew Bell founded the Lancastarian teaching method of teacher training: in a monitorial system of teacher education and training senior students (‘monitors’) receiving teaching from tutors were teaching junior students, acting as teachers.

In Scotland’s history of education and teaching, 17th century free education compulsory in late 19th, Germany’s teacher education and training influenced David Stowe’s founding the Glasgow Normal Seminary for teachers.

Progress in teaching and teacher training began with Horace Mann’s Massachusetts Normal Schools in the USA’s educational history, and in Britain’s history of education by the churches’ and voluntary organisations’ teacher training colleges and teaching the colonials.

In philosophies of education arguments followed on teacher education in educational history: should persons of lower English social class attend teacher training colleges and give teaching to children of higher social class!? Might teachers’ teaching not influence young French minds with liberal ideas?!

(Japan’s educational philosophy [perhaps influencing the USA’s educational philosophy, history of education and teaching] emphasised patriotic teacher education and teaching.)

In Europe’s history of teacher education and training, Rosencrantz’s 19th century ‘Philosophy of Education’ emphasised ‘philosophical and psychological data’; this, resembling Islam’s university faculties, developed into separate teaching disciplines.

In Sweden’s history of education and teaching, Pestalozzi furthered the progress of systems of education, advocating formal teacher training colleges.

(Pestalozzi, except theologically, was self-educated, did not leave a written account of teaching and of teacher training colleges; his place in the history of education and teaching is deducible in outline from his various writings, loving sincere deeds, the example he set.)

Germany’s Froebel, and Alexander Bain’s ‘Education as a Science’, favoured education of teachers through teacher training colleges; teacher education adopted what philosophies of education in Western educational history and teaching had lacked -Herbart’s pedagogical emphasis in teaching on five formal steps: preparation, presentation, comparison, generalisation, application.

Germany’s teacher education and training became the basis of developments in the history of education and teacher training; Derwent Coleridge and James Kay Shuttleworth in Britain, Mann in the USA broadly agreed: teacher education and training should emphasise techniques of teaching -“not only the subjects of instructions, but also the method of teaching”.

Jules Ferry laws’ compulsory education established teacher education and training in late 19th century French history of education: teacher education and training, by law, should be through formal teacher training colleges.

English speaking countries’ history of education and teaching, formal teacher education and training, began with the University of Edinburgh’s creating a chair in education, with St. Andrews; in the USA’s history of education, e.g., Henry Bernard, Nicholas Murray Butler, followed.

In Western history of education, England’s progress involved pedagogy and Herbart Sepencer’s teaching techniques in teacher education and training, the USA’s e.g., Francis W. Parker’s, studying Germany’s pedagogical teacher education developments.

In the USA’s history of education and teaching the Darwinian hypothesis (as before later scientific evaluation) influenced John Dewey at the University of Chicago Laboratory Schools; taking into account from other disciplines what were considered relevant in teaching to child development, the religiously affiliated Brown University founded an education department.

(The La Salle College in Philadelphia, had been teaching education.)

New York’s Teachers College, founded 1888, was incorporated into the Columbia University, 1893, establishing its teacher training college, announcing: “The purpose of the Teacher Training College is to afford opportunity, both theoretical and practical, for the training of teachers, of both sexes, for kindergartens and elementary schools and secondary schools, of principals, supervisors, and superintendents of schools, and of specialists in various branches of school work, involving normal schools and colleges” -it became the basis, in Western history of education and teaching, of teacher education and training and Teacher Colleges.

(The USA’s educational history experts’ versions vary on it history of education.) 

In most of British Commonwealth’s history of education and system of teacher training, entry into teacher training came to require senior secondary education at High School level or British Grammar School education with national Matriculation or Ordinary and Advanced General Certificate of Education (GCE) examinations –or equivalent.

In Europe’s history of education and teacher training, education with similar Gymnasium(/Abitur)  or General Lycè e Diploma, or equivalent education, became professional teacher education and training entry qualification.

(In British history of education, until early 20th century, holders of those qualifications, by selection examination, could become temporary teachers. Oxbridge graduates could register ‘master’ and be syndicated teachers. Other universities’ graduates, to become teachers, attended teacher training colleges [if Bachelor of Education, second year teacher training of a teacher training college].)

In British Commonwealth’s history of education greater importance was attached to professionalism in teacher education and training: academic qualifications did not suffice for teaching; teacher examinations required specific periods of specifically professional study in teaching. Professional teaching involved two years’ professional study in teaching and additional in-house teacher training before professional teacher status. Professional teachers could, with another educational year at the teacher training college, specialise in a subject, e.g., geography or history (in farming colonies, e.g., Cyprus where Agriculture became a secondary school examination subject,  with one or two more educational years’ through the Teacher Training College’s Rural Agricultural School). Science graduates without professional teaching training and education qualified for permanent teaching after a year’s classroom teaching experience approved by professionally qualified headmasters, as teachers of their subjects. Teachers were expected to attend teachers’ seminars as continuing professional development.

While professional qualifications are regarded for professional reasons equivalent to doctorates in their counterparts and what qualify for teaching, teacher education and training (school age becoming lower and years less, to enable maturer teachers and teaching), for professional teaching knowledge and skills acquired at teacher training colleges, favoured bachelor degrees with teaching content emphasising skills over theory and, e.g., the USA’s academic ‘first professional degree’ –more for research than professional practice.

(British history of education desired teaching with Post-graduate Certificate in Education [PGCE] -for English state school teaching Qualified Teacher Status [QTS] skills test, and [also if Bachelor of Education] successfully completing an induction year [in Scotland two] in school teaching as Newly Qualified Teacher [NQT], with continuing professional development; alternatively a specific teaching degree or on-the-job teacher training. Teachers trained at Teacher Training Colleges in [former] colonies –and similarly trained teachers with GCSE [grade C] or equivalent in English and Mathematics [for primary school teaching, also Physics] enjoy Qualified Teacher Status.)

(Canada’s provinces or schools certify teachers; Australia requires none for federally funded private schools; France’s is college/bachelor and Teacher Institute [master’s -2010].)

{In the USA’s history of education, until 1960s, one year’s teacher training college education was required for teacher certification. In 1984 an alternate teaching route was introduced: bachelor’s with teaching preparation and within a specified number of years completing a teaching or content based master’s. (Some universities award [with summer study] bachelor degrees in two years, some two bachelor degrees simultaneously [e.g., with two arts and two science majors both BA Philosophy and BS ChE Chemical Engineering]; the  doctoral JD is pre-requisite to master’s LL.M which not all tenured professors need posses.) The ‘Master of Professional Studies’ (MPS) First Professional Degree is academic, not professional. Many states require of teachers, for permanent teaching, examinations in pedagogy and a content area or general knowledge accredited by many private associations’ varying standards; in early 21st century Marlboro-Carolina 20% of teachers had no certification.}

In educational history post general education having been academic for career advancement and scholarly activity or research, or professional for actual practice in the filed, the professional qualification is normally the terminating qualification; in professional teaching, advanced professional degrees enabling specialised teaching, e.g., at universities, are not regarded as part of professional teacher education and training for general education teaching; the USA’s main master’s area is for Ed.D or Ph.D. –research.)

In European history of education, teaching related educational leadership gained importance at the end of 20th century. Desiring the benefits of learnable leadership skills and inherent personal leadership qualities, teachers’ educational leadership skills in teaching leadership are remunerated according to national teacher pay scales.

The USA’s educational leadership teachers’ pay is non-uniform; educational leadership skills standards vary. Graduate educational leadership programs are in, e.g., community issues and educational law. Private Teacher Advancement Programmes (TAP) subscribed by some schools encourage teachers in administrative or teaching development: a teacher prepares an individual growth plan (IGP) with an educational goal or teaching activity, or a cluster group of teachers identify a student learning need, becoming ‘mentor’ or ‘master teacher’/‘teacher of teachers’.

As others’, USA’s teacher training colleges’ comparable teaching qualifications enjoy international regard.

In their history of education, having less aspired to ‘practical’ general education as in the USA and 21st century Britain, most British Commonwealth and European teaching institutions almost uniformly value widely academic general education as culture not acquirable in post general education (e.g., an opposition leader to a Prime Minister [both lawyers] “I as a Grammar School boy” [would not take ‘that’ from him who was not]) and Britain’s suggestion to equate practical skills certificates with general academic qualifications was criticised.

(Early 21st century British educational history saw [university or equivalent  mandatory student grants becoming loans, unemployment necessitating longer and more courses, foreigners scoring higher in English] no increase since late 20th in literacy.)

(In the USA’s history of education, with 20% adult functional illiteracy, as the educationists’ concerns grew, the educationalists considered Europe’s baccalaureate system of education; with growing public interest in education, at the end of 20th century a state appointed three generals to improve the standards of teaching and education and at the beginning of 21st century a general was appointed to federally improve teaching and educational standards.)

In educational history interest in the teaching profession has been based on the status of teachers. Regard for teachers in late 20th century was highest in Russia where teachers enjoyed better employment terms than elsewhere.

(In Britain’s history of education, 1980s’ miss-projection of numbers of teachers needed necessitated engaging science graduates without teaching qualifications as teachers; but a status was enjoyed by teachers of regard as in Europe, and, about the end of 20th century, knighthood for long serving teachers was suggested –due to controversy over peerages it did not materialise. At the beginning of 21st century reducing undergraduate degrees to two years with vocational content was considered, with master’s for teachers -also non-major professional qualifications being above undergraduate degrees in National Vocational Qualifications; but Teachers’ status was regarded to have been equated for economical reasons to classroom assistants’ socially criticised for taking classes without professional teacher education and training.])

In the USA’s history of education, teaching has hailed a form of essentialism in education, with a culture of practicality and model citizenry, emphasising respect for authority (advocated also for 21st century British education); with no general minimum standard in teacher training and education, some states not recognising the teaching qualifications of some others, teachers and teaching appear officially to enjoy no higher regard then Bernard Shaw’s remark (about writers) “Those who can, do; those who can not, teach”.

(In the USA, e.g., some teachers paid only term time having to seek vacation work, teaching and teachers generally are regarded to have enjoyed less good terms and conditions than elsewhere in proportion to social regard and public resources.)

The growth of interest in culture and education in Western history of teaching has been seen in the European Union, e.g., in Cyprus with the popularisation of education in mid. 20th century -reportedly with highest percentage of university graduates by 21st.

In Western educational reforms spiritual values in education are protected by teaching religious studies in schools in American secularism (protection of religion from political influence) and by the religious affiliations of many universities; in European secularism (protecting against one’s formal dominance of the other), often with a state religion enshrined in the constitution, this is ensured by, e.g., Britain’s Education Acts’ requirement in compulsory education of religious worship by pupils at least once a month and, while British universities are not formally religiously affiliated, the availability of  chapels and chaplains to students at universities.

While preferences in education (e.g., the pedagogy based Steiner-Waldorf education for creating free moral and integrated individuals -its teachers’ and schools’ say on defining the curricula by some disagreed with, or Montessori’s pre-school and elementary school child’s self directed activities with auto-didactic equipment -regarded by some as risking raising obedient automatons), and  emphasis (be it practical skills or Emerson’s ‘thinking man’), have all had praise and criticism in the history of education and teaching and arguments continue on pragmatism and creation -v- evolution, generally Socrates’s argument that the rightly trained mind turns toward virtue carries weight in most educational systems. Basically, in every history of education, an important aim of education and the societies’ all time expectations have been on the lines of these verses (by the Cypriot teacher, the late Orhan Seyfi Ari):

” ‘I was an ape’ you say -or amphibian?
And now?! Are you not now.. ‘man’!? “

The cultural values balance have been more reflected in the education and training of teachers in Western history of education and teaching and the status of teachers in Europe mostly in Spain, Italy and France where, without much disregard to spiritual values, school teachers’ political and ideological affiliations have been the norm in professional teaching. 

The web site may interest on teacher the late Orhan Seyfi Ari at orhanseyfiari.com

Losing Some Light in the Effectiveness of Phentermine 37.5 mg on Obesity

Are you currently having second thoughts regardless of whether Phentermine, Adipex, and other brand of diet pill may help you win your battle against obesity (check out http://pill.phentermineusdirect.com for more info) ? Besides the recognition Phentermine 37.5 gained in the eyes of the public, it’s also incredibly dependable if you wish to shed weight. Even though Phentermine 37.5 mg is known to provide great outcomes, you can still find a handful of consumers who question the efficiency of Phentermine 37.5 mg. This is due to the fact that Phentermine and similar other diet pills yield a few side effects on an occasional basis.     Yes, buddy, it’s true that Phentermine triggers off a few Phentermine side effects such as giddiness, vomiting, dry cough, vision problems, a rise in blood pressure et al. Nonetheless, this doesn’t take away the proven fact that it’s an effective solution for obesity. Furthermore, the Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) recognizes Phentermine diet pills  since the most effective drug which can help fight off weight problems  .  Taking Phentermine minimizes a person’s food cravings. Once ingested, it targets your neurotransmitters that’s found in your brain informing the body that you’re not feeling hungry. With Phentermine, it will be easy for someone to lose some weight due to the fact that you may have a decreased food craving with an induced feeling of fullness.  If you want to bear favorable outcome, then stick to the doctor’s prescription about Phentermine. You might choose to buy Phentermine on the web or in a drug store. The better choice is to purchase Phentermine online simply because they come at cheaper rates.    If you purchase Phentermine on the web, ensure that you only purchase it from a reputable source. Even so, as soon as submit your order for Phentermine pills, the medication is delivered straight to the doorstep.  Besides Phentermine, Phentermine Diet Pills can have great outcomes if taken based on the doctor’s advice. Nevertheless, before acquiring Phentermine or other diet pills from any online drug store, you need to find out whether it’s authentic or otherwise not. Just buy Phentermine from a trusted seller so you can make certain that the Phentermine you’re taking is genuine.  You must only take Phentermine for a 7-12 week period as this is not a long term solution for obesity. Don’t forget that whenever taking Phentermine, you should always stick to the doctor’s order.  

Knowledge Sharing-Challenging role of HR


Knowledge is gained through experience, other sources like books and people.  Whatever we learnt is not private.   Knowledge may have gained/faced by anyone, someone in the world. Even our own experience basics are shared by others like mother, guardian and others too.

Knowledge can be divided into two groups – Explicit, Tacit.   Explicit is typically visible and definable.  Tacit is within individuals and not easily transferrable. Knowledge Management is just focusing on information making tacit knowledge into explicit knowledge which paves way for making quick decisions.

Usually conversation among the employees is considered as chit-chat, gossip like.  When it is fine tuned by the HR, the discussion can be converted to positive sharing of knowledge.  i.e., transferring tacit knowledge into explicit knowledge. Many organizations are unaware and do not pool investment in developing Knowledge Management system. HR should create environment of sharing culture by providing quality construction of knowledge network by getting right information, at the right time by the right people.

How Organization reaps the fruits through Knowledge sharing culture?

  • Sharing of knowledge gives innovative ideas;
  • It saves time
  • Maximizes profit
  • Save organization from critical capabilities
  • Develop right source at right time
  • Survival through creative ideas.

Why people do not share/ Challenges for HR

Knowledge accessibility leads primarily to cost reduction, if not accessible, need to source expertise and to spend for research too.  It’s very difficult to motivate the people in sharing knowledge.  The reasons are reluctance in sharing, fear of losing monopoly. Some may perceive as it’s not worth listening, its time consuming etc., It is unable to suggest solution by empathizing their issues. Besides, in this competitive market, people who have knowledge can hold their peers and they can avail the privileges and reward, awards which makes them to hoard the knowledge. (Do not want to open the trade secrets). On other side, the receiver may be heavy headed in seeking advice from the expert. It has to be understood that solutions may vary from situation to situation and also, shared knowledge will be considered depending on the person who shares the knowledge. The above said are the critical challenges of the HR which has to be overcome by the HR.

Role of HR in Knowledge sharing culture

HR plays vital role in developing Knowledge Management system.  HR can get pooled employee experience.  It’s in the hands of HR to make the tacit knowledge into visible one.

Steps involved in Knowledge sharing process:

  • Identification of skill
  • Refinement of skill
  • Recognition of skilled person, who shares knowledge
  • Budget allocation for Knowledge Management system
  • Organize Knowledge Management system
  • Communication of value of sharing
  • Reinforcement for Knowledge Management

To ensure the above process, 2008, SHRM survey, indicates that HR can promote effective Knowledge Management by focusing on four tasks

  1. Identifying behaviors needed for knowledge based competition
  2. Ensuring the workforce as the required competencies.
  3. Ensuring the workforce is motivated to engage in the required behaviors and providing opportunities for these behaviors in the work force.

HR process and practices that should be aligned to strengthen Knowledge Management.

The HR practices are Recruitment, Training, Appraisal and termination of employees.  HR cultivates knowledge sharing culture right from the recruitment till termination which is pointed out as follows:

Recruitment: Firms are very keen during interview prospective candidates who fit for the organization for the maximum collaboration, who shares and accepts the knowledge management culture.

Training: Learning and knowledge are inter-linked.  Training for Knowledge Management system implementation can be started from new hire training. Training modules include, what is Knowledge management, Knowledge Management System, its technology, and explain how to share and implement through practical sessions.  Those training programs help HR in bringing knowledge sharing culture.

Job rotations: Well planned job rotations across geographical locations and businesses in a firm help not only people development, but also provide transfer of knowledge and best practices.

Appraisal: Through the employees’ appraisal report, work achievement can be analyzed and it can be set as the  best practices too.

Termination: Through the Handing over report, Employee feedback form, can get some information which act as a source for Knowledge Management system.

HR could play is to capture stories of successes and failures in the company training center for reference for future.  This would not only support leaning but could prevent repeat of same mistakes.

Corporate shining in Knowledge Management

The following are the corporate insights as a sign of Knowledge management initiation:

  • Dow chemical used to manage intellectual assets by classifying their portfolio and identify gaps to accomplish their goals.
  • AT&T use electronic database system which contains employee database system that may help the employees in developing knowledge management, competitive intelligence etc.
  • Harris Corporation usually award the employees experts as certified practice experts, where their photos are displayed in their departments.
  • Pella Corporation composed a library where successful history, performance and practices are displayed
  • Dai-Ichi spend half hour daily at rooms with tea and discuss on work issues.
  • General Electrical organizes outbound learning program me where 50 to 100 employees in various cadre are assembled in hotel. Open discussion with the boss following agenda.  They have list of complaints, debate solutions and sharing of ideas with creativity and innovation.
  • Walmart Co. have weekly one day meeting in the morning, they discuss about competitors and try to find solutions for unattainable goals, and recognize heroes of the organization, who share their experience and spell reasons for their success.

Creation of Knowledge sharing environment

Successful HR Manager recognizes the intellectual assets are highest in demand and cause great damage when they leave the organization. So, ask the people to contribute their ideas, reward those who come out with the best way of doing operations to set the example.  To be conducive, HRM must take strategic approach by having intranet facilities which assists people in knowing, sharing information.  Dependence on electronic media lacks social contact which helps to give brief explanation and discussion can be done. Hence, Allocate some time for sharing the ideas by conducting weekly meetings with the presentation. Those ideas to be refined and convert into knowledge source. If people were asked to share, they hesitate, instead, if we ask questions and create describe knowledge need, there is possibility in building knowledge network. If the shared knowledge is maintained in written (in-house journals like), it reaches maximum people.

Knowledge sharing and relationship are coupled

Experts will want to contribute to Co-workers who need them, hear them, respect them and even thank them. Peer recognition leads to knowledge sharing, Peer recognition means the most of us when it comes from those who really know the subject who know what they are talking about. It’s great to have boss to think ‘you are a top performer’ but chances are, boss does not know enough about the technical part of your work to know how really good you are.


If you find a person with

“No knowledge, share with him;

No confidence in expressing, boost him,

Lazy people, ignore them.”

“When knowledge is shared, knowledge gains power,

when knowledge is hoarded, Knowledge loses power.”

When the HR understands and share the value of knowledge management with the employees, the organization will be intellectually profitable one which paves for the overall growth of the organization too.